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Common learners' mistakes in English - ESL Lesson Plans

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ESL Common mistakes Lesson Plans


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The most common grammar mistakes learners make

Most of your listeners probably get chills at the mere mention of the word grammar. No wonder there are a lot of myths surrounding the study of grammar, and secondly, it is quite a demanding area of language learning. Fortunately, many years of analysis and the diversity of the groups have made it possible to identify the most common mistakes. Examining these will help to make adult learners more effective. Everything, of course, must also be based on a carefully designed lesson plan.

Do not compare and translate literally

This is the first rule, but a very important one if you want to avoid making common mistakes. Comparisons in language learning make no sense because every language is different and therefore governed by different rules. Making allusions to another language when teaching only creates confusion and makes your listeners repeat common mistakes. The solution to this is carefully designed ESL Lesson Plans. It is better to focus on imparting knowledge reliably so that the listener can master the grammar of the language. Another mistake is to translate sentences 1:1. There should be no such tasks in your lesson plan at all. This is neither in line with translation practice nor with the language rules. This is an ignorance of the fact that in English there are all kinds of idioms, grammatical constructions, etc. A good lesson plan should introduce idioms and new vocabulary in addition to new grammatical structures. Grammar can also help develop other skills.

Practice makes perfect

Grammar seems even more boring to adult learners if it is overloaded with theory. The worst case is such a lesson plan which lacks any examples of practical use of the grammatical structures in question. This makes the learner feel that acquiring such knowledge is useless. ESL Lesson Plans should be carefully aligned with lessons so that they allow you to consolidate your knowledge in the form of practical exercises. Choose an attractive presentation of examples. Common mistakes are also easier to analyse in the same way. Show, for example, an excerpt from a film, a colourful graphic or create an interactive exercise which aims to fill in a given gap with the right word.

Development of various competencies

Grammar can be a great way to develop other skills such as listening, speaking and writing in parallel. Properly structured ESL Lesson Plans are designed not only to master grammar and avoid common mistakes. Another aim is also to teach other skills simultaneously. For example, while listening to a film excerpt, we can ask our listeners to look up grammatical structures or to form a different sentence with them.